Singapore

Singapore has impressively set the goal and vision of becoming  “A City in a Garden.” As a highly populated, dense island city—5 million residents on 700 square kilometers, most living in high-rise towers—incorporating nature is a challenge.  But the city is setting a world model for combining density and nature and has already accomplished much. It has extensive park and green areas, tied together by 200-kilometers of Park Connectors, much of it in the form of elevated walkways and canopy walks. It has given priority to planting trees, and provides support for community gardens and the installation of green walls and rooftops.  Landsat Images show that while the city grew in population by some 2 million between 1986 and 2007, percentage of the island in green area actually increased as well, from 36% to 47%. Few dense cities can truly boast being “in a garden” in the way that Singapore can.

Biophilic Singapore: A City in a Garden
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Abundant parks linked by an innovative system of Park Connectors.
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A segment of Park Connectors take residents through the tree canopy.
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The canopy provides sweeping views of the city.
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Ubiquitous rain trees create a nearly complete tree canopy over many streets.
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Tropical rain trees harbor much life, including many species of epiphytes.
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Solaris: a new Ken Yeang-designed green office building.
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The Kallang River now flows freely through Bishan Park.
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Much of the concrete material has been recycled onsite.
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The Wave is one of Singapore’s most visually distinctive pedestrian bridges.
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The seven-story green wall at 158 Cecil Street, Singapore.
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The green wall consists of hundreds of connected pots & a water irrigation system.
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Children at the Huang Primary School in front the School’s fernery.
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Green wall at the Singapore Changi International airport.
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Window gardens at the Khoo Teck Puat Hospital (KTPH).
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KTPH, is perhaps the greenest, most biophilic hospital in the world.
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Much of the roof of the hospital is a working farm, with 140 fruit trees.
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Resources

  • Singapore: Biophilic City Film  - A whirlwind week in Singapore chasing up amazing biophilic stories with CUSP Institute Prof Peter Newman and Uni of Virginia Prof Tim Beatley

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