Wolch, J. (1996). Zoöpolis. Capitalism, nature, socialism, 7(2), 21-47.
Wolch challenges conventional urban theory and development practices, which she contends “disregard nonhuman life.” Wolch reviews ways in which these theories and practices, along with the urban environmental movement, can be transformed through adoption of “a transspecies urban theory.” Wolch argues for pursuit of Zoöpolis, an urban configuration including animals and nature in the city. In Wolch’s vision, people will “renaturalize cities and invite the animals back in – and in the process re-enchant the city.”